Napa Earthquake August 2014

E-DECIDER and QuakeSim/GeoGateway generated the following products for the M6.0 Napa, CA earthquake.  Read the OpenHazards blog on the event.  E-DECIDER works in partnership with the California Earthquake Clearinghouse, which was activated for this event.  More information can be found here.

Resources


Updated model results – Fault inversion based on ARIA (Advanced Rapid Imaging and Analysis) rapid GPS solutions

 

Napa Earthquake Inversion ResultThe JPL ARIA team produced rapid displacement solutions for GPS stations near the 24 August 2014 M 6.0 West Napa earthquake. We used the GPS results to invert for a single fault, that represents the average fault slip and fault plane location. The results indicate that a 15 km long fault ruptured that was buried from a depth of 7.1 to 1.5 km. The average slip on the fault is 59.5 cm with a right-lateral sense of motion. The fault trends at an angle 22.5° west of north. We produced a model of what the inteferogram would look like for an eastward flying UAVSAR flight.
 
Interferograms represent modeled observations for existing repeat pass UAVSAR flights heading 55° and 235° respectively. The red line is for the modeled (inverted for) fault. The blue arrows are the observed GPS displacements and the red arrows are the modeled GPS displacements.

 

 

Epicenter-122.313 38.22(origin)

Fault Values  
X 2.47 ± 3.66 km
Y -2.60 ± 3.46 km
Lon -122.29 ± 0.04°
Lat 38.20 ± 0.03°
Strike -22.78 ± 5.73°
Dip 90 Fixed
Depth  7.10 ± 3.82 km
Width 5.53 ± 3.45 km
Length 15.07 ± 8.50 km
Strike-Slip -594.68 ± 24.77 mm
Dip-Slip 0 mm Fixed 
Geodetic Moment 1.50E+25 dyne cm^2
Geodetic Magnitude 6.1

 

UAVSAR Flight heading 55° UAVSAR Flight heading 235°

Napa Earthquake Inversion 55 degree heading

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Napa Earthquake Inversion 235 degree heading

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Disloc elastic foward results based on USGS Event Page  and Moment Tensor Solution and fault model.

 

Product Preview

Tilt Map

Change of slope that can affect water distribution, drainage, and sewage services generated from Disloc surface deformation modeling code.

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Napa Valley Earthquake Tilt Map
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Strain Magnitude Map

Highlights where greatest deformation (motion) has occurred.

Download Link

Napa Valley Earthquake Strain Magnitude
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Other resources:

Deformation Vector Map

Synthetic Interferogram

Fault model

 

 

E-DECIDER Earthquake Forecast Service
 

Currently, E-DECIDER provides multiple earthquake forecast and seismic hazard proxy technologies. The first includes an advanced Epidemic Type Aftershock Sequence (ETAS, Ogata 1988) type model, in which future rates of seismicity are estimated from aftershock scaling relations. The second model invokes an inverse ETAS framework to detect rate trends (seismic acceleration or deceleration) in local seismicity; increasing local rates of seismicity indicate elevated local hazard; decreasing rates (aftershocks) indicate lower hazard.

Read more here.  See the Forecast Service here.

Date KMZ PNG Shapefile Forecast
2014-8-25 Download Download Download ETAS Aftershock Forecast Napa Valley Earthquake

Zip file of ETAS forecast files

 

InLET (Internet Loss Estimation Tool) Results

 

InLET (Internet-based Loss Estimation Tool) is a web-based loss estimation modeling platform used to perform rapid assessment of the impact of earthquake disaster in California.

InLET performs loss/impact simulations using USGS earthquake ground motion data and FEMA HAZUS damage estimation technology. The damage and loss values generated are only approximations of the impacts caused by an earthquake in the affected region. In the case of an actual earthquake event, the damage and losses could be different.

Results are appropriate for planning purposes and for early-post event response only, when more detailed data is not available.

To login into the online demo, go to:

inlet.csntoday.org/demo

Username: demo@imagecatinc.com

Password: demo4INLET

Results for the Napa Valley quake can be accessed by going to the earthquake impacts menu and selecting actual event. The event is 72282711 on the right hand pane.

Event  
USGS event_id 72282711
USGS shakemap_id 72282711
shakemap_version 13
process_timestamp 2014-08-24T16:21:29Z
shakemap_originator nc
map_status RELEASED
shakemap_event_type ACTUAL
   
magnitude 6
depth 10.7
lat 38.2153
lon -122.318
event_timestamp 2014-08-24T10:20:44UTC
event_description 6.7 km (4.2 mi) NW of American Canyon, CA

 

Summary

State Description Total Estimate
Slight Building Damage

Following can be observed

Small cracks at corners of door and window openings and wall-ceiling intersections

Small cracks in masonry chimneys and masonry veneer

Steel buildings exhibit minor deformation in bolted connections

41,992

Moderate Building Damage

Following can be observed

Large cracks at corners of door and window openings;

Small diagonal cracks across shear wall panels

Toppling of tall masonry chimneys

Steel buildings exhibit cracked welds and broken bolts

Masonry buildings exhibit diagonal cracks in wall surfaces

4,049

Extensive Building Damage

Following can be observed

Large diagonal cracks across shear wall panels or nonductile elements

Permanent lateral movement of floors and roof;

Toppling of most brick chimneys;

Cracks in foundations;

Partial collapse of 'room-over-garage' or other 'softstory' configurations;

Steel buildings may exhibit permanent deformation of the structure

Masonry buildings suffers extensive cracking in most walls

256

Complete Building Damage

Following can be observed

Large permanent lateral displacement

Structure may collapse, or be in imminent danger of collapse

Some structures may slip and fall off the foundations;

Large foundation cracks

21

 

By Sector breakdown

Sector Slight Damage Moderate Damage Extensive Damage Complete Damage
Entertainment 3 2 1 0
Finance 4 1 0 0
Industry and Manufacturing 31 25 10 2
Professesional Services 31 15 4 1
Residential 41896 3990 235 16
Retail and Commercial 24 16 6 2

 

Download the PDF write up or PNG of the InLET results.

About CSN

Community Stakeholder Network (CSN) is a Homeland Security Advisory Council decision making tool designed to digest raw data and transform it into business intelligence. CSN facilitates information sharing within and across sectors in order to provide timely and beneficial situational awareness.  CSN offers its users exclusive access to earthquake Modeling and Event Analysis through InLET.

For assistance with accessing CSN please call

Brian Carlson

CSN Chief Technology Officer

909.225.4420

briancarlson@itcrisis.com

http://hsacouncil.org/Programs/CSN/Pages/csnpage.aspx

About ImageCat

ImageCat is an international risk management innovation company supporting the global risk and catastrophe management needs of the insurance industry, governments and NGOs. As a leading provider of risk and disaster management technologies, ImageCat is highly regarded for cutting-edge products, services, and R&D activities, targeting decision support needs at all phases of the disaster management cycle.

For more information about ImageCat, please contact:

Charles K. Huyck

Executive Vice President

 (562) 628-1675 ext. 224

ckh@imagecatinc.com

 

HSIP Infrastructure Layers
 

Please contact Maggi Glasscoe for information on how to obtain these products.

Infrastructure layers are available in a 5, 10 and 25 mi radius from the epicenter.

 

Automatic Disloc Service Model Output
 

Four different scenarios are calculated for each event to help determine an envelope of maximum deformation.
 
  1. Dip Angle=90 degrees, Strike Angle=0 degrees, strike slip, no dip slip
  2. Dip Angle=90 degrees, Strike Angle=45 degrees, strike slip, no dip slip
  3. Dip Angle=45 degrees, Strike Angle=0 degrees, dip slip, no strike slip
  4. Dip Angle=45 degrees, Strike Angle=90 degrees, dip slip, no strike slip
Interferograms are calculated with elevation angle=60, azimuth=0, and frequency 1.26 GHz.
 

Slope Change (Tilt Map) Map

Strain Magnitude Map

Vector Displacement Map

Synthetic InSAR Map

Disloc Calculations

Date: 

Sunday, August 24, 2014

Location: 

Napa, CA